Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Bryn Mawr Classical Review 1998.3.08


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1.   In this text I refer only to Cameron except where I am aware of specific arguments by Long.  

2.   A. Gueldenpennig, Geschichte des Oströmischen Reiches unter den Kaisern Arkadios und Theodosios (Halle, 1885) 97-8; G. Albert, Goten in Konstantinopel: Untersuchungen zur oströmischen Geschichte um das Jahr 400 n. Chr. (Paderborn, 1984) 47-80.

3.   The narrative is clear from Zos. 5.13-22; Soc. 6.6; Soz. 8.4. Synesius makes allusions to the events in the De Providentia but details are obscured by his mythological frame.

4.   Instances of this are numerous: H. (54-7; cf. 14; 145) has ignores the arguments of Cameron (207-11) that the massacre began not as a response to Gainas' siege of the city but simply as a riot; H. (192-3; 56 n. 196) also ignores the solution of Cameron (149-61) to the order of the Praetorian Prefecture between 395 and 405; and he misrepresents (12 n. 15) the arguments of Cameron (13) on Synesius' birth year and (61 n.245) on Fravitta's execution (ctr. Barbarians and Politics 236-52).

5.   O. Seeck, "Studien zu Synesios" Philologus 52 (1894) 442-83.

6.   T. Barnes, "Synesius in Constantinople" GRBS 27 (1986) 93-112.

7.   A. Cameron, "Earthquake 400" Chiron 17 (1987) 343-60; cf. idem Barbarians and Politics 93-102.

8.   T. Klauser, "Aurum Coronarium" RAC (1950) 1010-20 with idem, "Aurum Coronarium" Röm. Mitt. 59 (1944) 129-53.

9.   H. 60-1; 149-51 is actually rather slippery about the date of the De Regno.

10.   P. Heather, "The Anti-Scythian Tirade of Synesius' De Regno" Phoenix 42 (1988) 152-72. P.J. Heather becomes J.P. Heather at 99 and turns American at 145 n. 115. More important than these foibles is H.'s (154 n. 156) misrepresentation of the opinions of Heather "Anti-Scythian Tirade" 157.

11.   Barnes, "Synesius in Constantinople" 108; Cameron, Barbarians and Politics 107-9.

12.   H. also claims that C. Lacombrade Le Discours sur la royaute de Synesios de Cyrene (Paris, 1951) 52 supports his reading with the translation et vous vous montrez à elle à visage decouvert. Here he has misunderstood the French idiom à visage decouvert which simply means "openly." On Eutropius, see now J. Long, Claudian's In Eutropium (Chapel Hill, 1995).

13.   On notarii see H. Teitler, Notarii and Exceptores (Amsterdam, 1985) esp. 34-7; 56-9.

14.   R. Janin, Constantinople Byzantine: developpement urbain et repertoire topographique (Paris, 1964) 64-5.

15.   H. makes no mention of a similar association of Osiris and Typhos with east and west by G. Dagron, "Aux origines de la civilisation byzantine: Langue de culture et langue d'êtat" Revue historique 241 (1969) 23-56.

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